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Monday, April 8, 2013


Vatican City, 8 April 2013 (VIS) – At 5:30pm in the Basilica of St. John Lateran yesterday, Divine Mercy Sunday, Pope Francis celebrated Mass, during which he officially took possession of the Cathedra of the Bishop of Rome. At the taking of possession, there was an act of obedience carried out by a representation of Rome's ecclesial community. Just as at the Mass inaugurating his Petrine ministry—when six cardinals, two from each of the three orders: bishop, priest, and deacon, represented the entire College of Cardinals—representatives from the Diocese of Rome made the act of obedience: Cardinal Agostino Vallini, vicar general of Rome; the vice gerent and an auxiliary bishop of the diocese; a pastor and assistant pastor; a deacon, male religious, and female religious; as well as a family and a young lay man and lay woman.

The Pope dedicated his homily to God's “patience”, referring to the Gospel reading of the day in which the Apostle Thomas experiences God's mercy, “which has a concrete face … that of the risen Jesus. Thomas doesn't trust what the other Apostles tell him ... He wants to see .. and what is Jesus' reaction? Patience: Jesus doesn't abandon stubborn-headed Thomas to his disbelief. He gives him a week’s time. He doesn't close the door but waits. And Thomas recognizes his own poverty, his little faith. 'My Lord and my God!': with this simple yet faith-filled supplication, he responds to Jesus’ patience. He lets himself be enveloped by divine mercy, sees it in front of him, in Christ's wounds on his hands and feet ... and he rediscovers his trust. He is a new man: no longer an unbeliever, but a believer.”

Even Peter denied Jesus three times, “precisely when he should have been closest to him. And when he hits bottom he encounters the gaze of Jesus who patiently, wordlessly, says to him: 'Peter, don’t be afraid of your weakness. Trust in me.' And Peter understands. He feels Jesus' loving gaze and he weeps. How beautiful is this gaze of Jesus – how much tenderness there is in it! Brothers and sisters, let us never lose trust in God's patient mercy!”

The story is repeated with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus who have, “sad faces and an empty and hopeless journey. But Jesus does not abandon them. He walks the path with them and not only that! Patiently He explains the Scriptures referring to him and He stops to share a meal with them. This is God’s way of doing things. He is not impatient like us, who often want everything and right away, even from others. God is patient with us because He loves us and those who love are able to understand, to hope, ... They don't burn bridges but know how to forgive. Let's remember this in our lives as Christians: God always waits for us, even when we have drawn away from him! He is never far from us and, if we return to him, He is ready to embrace us.”

Continuing, the pontiff observed that rereading the parable of the merciful Father always makes a strong impression upon him. “It strikes me,” he said, “because it always gives me great hope. Think of that younger son living in his Father’s house: he was loved and yet he wants his part of the inheritance. He goes off, spends everything, and hits rock bottom. [Then] he misses the warmth of his Father’s house and returns home. And the Father? Had he forgotten his son? No, never. ... with patience and love, with hope and mercy, he had never stopped thinking about him for a second and, as soon as he sees him still far off, he runs out to meet him and embraces him with tenderness, with God's tenderness, without a word of reproach: he has come back! And that is the Father's joy. All of this joy is in that embrace of the son: he has come back!”

God is always waiting for us. He never grows tired. Jesus shows us God's merciful patience so that we might regain our confidence and hope, always! A great German theologian, Romano Guardini, said that God responds to our weakness with his patience and this is the reason for our confidence, for our hope.”

Emphasizing another aspect, the Pope noted that “God’s patience must find in us the courage to return to him, whatever mistakes and sins there may be in our lives. Jesus invites Thomas to put his hand in the wounds of his hands and his feet ... It is precisely in Jesus' wounds that we are safe; in them lies his heart's immense love. ... Saint Bernard asks: but what can I count on? On my own merits? But 'my merit is God’s mercy'. ... This is important: the courage to entrust myself to Jesus’ mercy, to trust in his patience, to always take refuge in the wounds of his love. …”

Perhaps some of us are thinking: my sin is so great; my distance from God is like that of the younger son in the parable; my disbelief is like that of Thomas; I don’t have the courage to go back or to believe that God might welcome me or that He is waiting just for me. But God is waiting for you. He only asks of you the courage to go to him. How many times in my pastoral ministry have I heard it repeated: 'Father, I have many sins'; and the plea I have always made is: 'Don’t be afraid. Go to him. He is waiting for you. He will take care of everything.' ... For God, we are not numbers. We are important; indeed we are the most important thing to him. Even if we are sinners we are what is closest to his heart.”

After sinning,” the pope explained, “Adam feels ashamed. He feels naked, sensing the weight of what he has done. And yet God does not abandon him. If at that moment, through sin, his exile from God begins, there is already a promise of return, the possibility of returning to him. ... It is precisely in feeling my sinfulness, in looking at my sins, that I can see and encounter God’s mercy, his love, and go to him to receive forgiveness.”

... Let us be embraced by God's mercy. Let us trust in his patience, which always gives us time. Let us find the courage to return to his house and to dwell in his loving wounds, allowing ourselves be loved by him and to encounter his mercy in the Sacraments. We will feel his tenderness, which is so beautiful, we will feel his embrace, and we too will become more capable of mercy, of patience, of forgiveness, and of love.”

After the Mass, Pope Francis appeared at the central balcony of St. John Lateran's loggia to greet the thousands of persons gathered there to await him, many of whom participated in the ceremony. He addressed them saying:

Brothers and sisters, good evening! Thank you so much for your company in today's Mass. I ask that you pray for me: I need it. Don't forget this. Thank you all! And now let us go forward together, the people and the bishop, all together, always forward with the joy of Jesus' Resurrection. He is always at our side. May the Lord bless you.”

After blessing the faithful, the Pope bid them farewell saying, “thank you so much. See you soon!”


Vatican City, 8 April 2013 (VIS) – On the Sunday that concludes the Easter Octave, which John Paul II named Divine Mercy Sunday, the Pope greeted the faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square to pray the Regina Coeli with the words of the risen Christ: “Peace be with you”. He explained that it is a peace that goes beyond a simple greeting or wish: “It is a gift,” he said. “The precious gift that Christ gives to his disciples, after having passed through death and hell.” It is a peace that is “the fruit of the victory of God's love over evil … and of forgiveness. The true peace that comes from experiencing God's mercy.”

The Holy Father then spoke of Jesus' appearances to his disciples who were locked in the Cenacle. Thomas wasn't present at the first appearance and he didn't believe what the apostles told him of it. At the second, when he was there and Jesus invited him to touch his wounds, Jesus said to him “Have you come to believe because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.”

And who are those who believe without having seen?” the pontiff asked. They are “other disciples, men and women of Jerusalem who, although not having met the risen Jesus, believed in the witness of the apostles and the women. This is a very important word about faith; we can call it the beatitude of faith. In every time and in every place there are the blessed who, through the Word of God proclaimed in the Church and witnessed to by Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is God's love incarnate, Mercy incarnate. And that goes for all of us!”

However, along with peace, Jesus gave his disciples the Holy Spirit, “so that they might bring the forgiveness of sins—the forgiveness that only God can give and that cost the blood of the Son—to the world. The Church is sent by the risen Christ to bring the remission of sins to humanity and thus to make the Kingdom of love grow; to sow peace in our hearts so that we might also affirm it in our relationships, in society, and in institutions. The Spirit of the risen Christ casts out the fear in the hearts of the Apostles and compels them to leave the Cenacle in order to bring forth the Gospel. Let us also have more courage to witness to our faith in the risen Christ! Let us not be afraid to be Christians or to live as Christians!”


Vatican City, 8 April 2013 (VIS) – This morning, the Holy Father received in separate audiences:

- Cardinal Mauro Piacenza, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy,

- Archbishop Charles Daniel Balvo, apostolic nuncio to Kenya and titular of Castello,

- Archbishop Hector Ruben Aguer of La Plata, Argentina, and

- Dr. Nikolaus Schneider, president of the German Evangelical Church, with his wife and entourage.

On Saturday, 6 April, the Holy Father received in audience:

- Cardinal Marc Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, and

- Cardinal Antonio Canizares Llovera, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.


Vatican City, 8 April 2013 (VIS) – His Beatitude Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak, Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, with the consent of the Synod of Bishops of the Coptic Catholic Church in conformity with Canon 85, para. 2(2) of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches and giving notice to the Apostolic See, has transferred Bishop Boutros Kamal Fahim Awad Hanna to the Eparchial See of Minya of the Copts. Bishop Hanna was previously curial bishop of Alexandria of the Copts and titular of Mareotes.

The Holy Father accepted the resignation from the pastoral care of the eparchy of Piana degli Albanesi (of the Italo-Albanians) presented by Bishop Sotir Ferrara, in accordance with canon 201 para. 1 of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. At the same time, the Holy Father has appointed Cardinal Paolo Romeo, archbishop of Palermo, Italy, as apostolic administrator "sede vacante et ad nutum Sanctae Sedis" of the same eparchy, Piana degli Albanesi (area 420, population 30,200, Catholics 28,700, priests 29, permanent deacons 4, religious 159), Palermo, Italy.


Vatican City, 8 April 2013 (VIS) - Today, the Holy Father:

- appointed Bishop Michael Owen Jackels as Metropolitan Archbishop of Dubuque (area 45,074, population 979,560, Catholics 206,843, priests 216, permanent deacons 91, religious 861), Iowa, USA. The archbishop-elect, previously bishop of Wichita, Kansas, USA, is a member of the Subcommittee on the Catechism in the U.S. Conference of Bishops. He succeeds Archbishop Jerome George Hanus, O.S.B., whose resignation from the pastoral care of the same archdiocese the Holy Father accepted, in accordance with canon 401 para. 2 of the Code of Canon Law.

- appointed Msgr. John Thomas Folda as bishop of the Diocese of Fargo (area 92,650, population 396,000, Catholics 89,400, priests 120, permanent deacons 43, religious 126), North Dakota, USA. The bishop-elect was born in Omaha, Nebraska, USA in 1961 and was ordained a priest in 1989. Since ordination he has served in several academic and pastoral roles, most recently as rector of the St. Gregory the Great Seminary in Seward, Nebraska, USA. He was named a chaplain of His Holiness in 2007.

- appointed Bishop Reynaldo Gonda Evangelista as bishop of Imus (area 1,287, population 2,843,000, Catholics 2,433,000, priests 261, religious 701), Philippines. Previously bishop of Boac, Bishop Evangelista is president of the Commission for Vocations on the Bishops' Conference of the Philippines.

- appointed Archbishop Brian Udaigwe, titular of Suelli, as apostolic nuncio to Benin.

On Saturday, 6 April, the Holy Father appointed Fr. Jose Rodriguez Carballo, O.F.M., as secretary of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, at the same time elevating him to the dignity of archbishop and assigning him the titular see of Bellicastrum. The archbishop-elect was born in Lodoselo, Spain in 1953 and was ordained a priest in 1977. Since ordination he has served in several academic and administrative roles, most recently as minister general of the Order of Friars Minor. Archbishop-elect Rodriguez is a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.
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