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Tuesday, April 19, 2005


VATICAN CITY, APR 19, 2005 (VIS) - This evening, immediately after the election of the new Pontiff, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who took the name of Benedict XVI, Holy See Press Office Director Joaquin Navarro-Valls made the following statement to journalists:

  "The conclave having ended, the Holy Father Benedict XVI has decided to eat this evening with all the other cardinals in the Domus Sanctae Marthae, where he will also spend the night.

  "Tomorrow morning at 9, the Pope will preside the Eucharistic Celebration with the cardinals in the Sistine Chapel and will deliver the homily in Latin.

  "The Mass for the solemn inauguration of the pontificate will be celebrated at St. Peter's on Sunday, April 24 at 10 a.m."
OP/.../NAVARRO-VALLS                        VIS 20050419 (130)


VATICAN CITY, APR 19, 2005 (VIS) - Following is the official biography of the newly elected Pope Benedict XVI, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger:
  Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, former prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, President of the Pontifical Biblical Commission and of the International Theological Commission, Dean of the College of Cardinals, was born on April 16, 1927 in Marktl am Inn, Germany. He was ordained a priest on June 29, 1951.
  His father, a police officer, came from a traditional family of farmers from Lower Bavaria. He spent his adolescent years in Traunstein, and was called into the auxiliary anti-aircraft service in the last months of World War II. From 1946 to 1951, the year in which he was ordained a priest and began to teach, he studied philosophy and theology at the University of Munich and at the higher school in Freising. In 1953 he obtained a doctorate in theology with a thesis entitled: "The People and House of God in St. Augustine's doctrine of the Church." Four years later, he qualified as a university teacher. He then taught dogma and fundamental theology at the higher school of philosophy and theology of Freising, in Bonn from 1959 to 1969, in Munster from 1963 to 1966, and in Tubinga from 1966 to 1969. From 1969, he was professor of dogmatic theology and of the history of dogma at the University of Regensburg and vice president of the same university.
  He was already well known in 1962 when, at Vatican Council II at the age of 35, he became a consultor to Cardinal Joseph Frings, archbishop of Cologne. Among his numerous publications, a particular post belongs to the "Introduction to Christianity," a collection of university lessons on the profession of apostolic faith, published in 1968; and to "Dogma and Revelation" an anthology of essays, sermons and reflections dedicated to the pastoral ministry, published in 1973.
  In March 1977, Paul VI appointed him Archbishop of Munich and Freising and on May 28, 1977 he was consecrated - the first diocesan priest after 80 years to take over the pastoral ministry of this large Bavarian diocese.
  Created and proclaimed cardinal by Paul VI in the consistory of June 27, 1977, he assumed the titles of the suburbicarian Church of Velletri-Segni (April 5, 1993) and of the suburbicarian Church of Ostia (November 30, 2002).
  On November 25, 1981 he was nominated by John Paul II as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; and as president of the Biblical Commission and of the Pontifical International Theological Commission.
  He was relator of the 5th General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops (1980).
  He was president delegate to the 6th Synodal Assembly (1983).
  Elected vice dean of the College of Cardinals November 6, 1998, the Holy Father approved his election, by the order of cardinal bishops, as dean of the College of Cardinals on November 30, 2002.
  As President of the Commission for the Preparation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, after 6 years of work (1986-92) he presented the New Catechism to the Holy Father.
  He received an honoris causa degree in jurisprudence from the Free University of Maria Santissima Assunta on November 10. 1999.
  He became an honorary member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, November 13, 2000.
  Curial Membership:
 - Secretariat of State (second section).
 - Oriental Churches, Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments, Bishops, Evangelization of Peoples, Catholic Education (congregations).
 - Christian Unity (council).
 - Latin America, Ecclesia Dei (commissions).
OP/BIO:BENEDICT XVI/...                        VIS 20050419 (590)


VATICAN CITY, APR 19, 2005 (VIS) - Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was elected as Supreme Pontiff, the 264th successor of Peter, and has chosen the name Benedict XVI.

  The cardinal proto-deacon made the solemn announcement to the people at 6:43 p.m. from the external loggia of the Hall of Blessings of the Vatican Basilica following the white smoke which occurred at 5:50 p.m.

  Following are the words of Cardinal Jorge Arturo Medina Estevez:

      Annuntio vobis gaudium magnum;
    habemus Papam;
    Eminentissium ac Reverendissium Dominum,
    Dominum Josephum
    Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae Cardinalem Ratzinger
    Qui sibi nomen imposuit Benedictum XVI

    (I announce to you with great joy;
    We have a Pope;
    The most eminent and most reverend Lord
    Lord Joseph   
Cardinal of Holy Roman Church Ratzinger
    Who has taken the name Benedict XVI

  The conclave that led to the election of Benedict XVI began on Monday, April 18, 2005 in the Sistine Chapel of the Vatican Apostolic Palace, with the "extra omnes" pronounced at 5:25 p.m. by Archbishop Piero Marini, master of the Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff, following the taking of the oath by the 115 cardinal electors.

  The first black smoke took place at 8:04 p.m. the same day.

  On Tuesday, April 19, there was black smoke at 11:52 a.m..

  On Tuesday, April 19, there was white smoke at 5:50 p.m.

  At 6:48 p.m., the Holy Father Benedict XVI, preceded by the Cross, appeared on the external loggia to greet the people and to impart the Apostolic Blessing "Urbi et Orbi" (to the city and to the world).

  Prior to the blessing, the new Pontiff addressed the faithful with the following words:

  "Dear Brothers and Sisters,

  "After the great Pope John Paul II, the Lord Cardinals have elected me, a simple and humble worker in the vineyard of the Lord. I am consoled by the fact that the Lord knows how to act, even with inadequate instruments and above all I entrust myself to your prayers. In the joy of the Risen Lord, trusting in His permanent help, as we go forward the Lord will help us, and His Mother, Mary Most Holy, is on our side Thank you."
OP/ELECTION BENEDICT XVI/...                    VIS 20050419 (380)


VATICAN CITY, APR 19, 2005 (VIS) - The just-published annual report on papal charity, prepared by the Pontifical Council "Cor Unum," announced that Pope John Paul's aid to the poor and suffering for 2004 amounted to $9,252,047. This included aid to victims of both the December 2004 tsunami in Southeast Asia and the internal conflict in Sudan, as well as monies allocated for projects of two foundations established by the late pope: the John Paul II Foundation for the Sahel and the "Populorum Progressio" Foundation.

  Cor Unum is the pontifical council charged with dispensing charity to the poor and needy, to victims of natural disasters and to projects approved by the two above-mentioned foundations. According to the 1988 Apostolic Constitution "Pastor Bonus," this financial aid is distributed in the name of the Holy Father "to stimulate the witness to evangelical charity." Money is donated to Cor Unum for papal charity through the "spontaneous generosity of dioceses, religious institutes, parishes, schools and individual faithful."

  Relief sent to victims of the December tsunami totaled $460,000. Archbishop Paul Cordes, president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum, was sent by Pope John Paul as his special envoy to Indonesia and Sri Lanka, the two nations struck the hardest by the tsunami, from January 29 to February 4, 2005.

  In July 2004 the archbishop visited Darfur, Sudan as the Pope's envoy to express his closeness to the populations struck by the internal conflict in that country and to bring aid for the neediest in the amount of 100,000 euro. A month earlier he visited the people of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, hit hard by devastating floods.

  Aid provided by Cor Unum in 2004 for other calamities and urgent situations such as earthquakes, typhoons, floods, wars and refugee situations totaled $992,530. Financial assistance to developing nations for non-urgent matters in fields such as agriculture, education, health care, professional formation and home-building amounted to $2,024,532.

  The 2004 contribution to the John Paul II Foundation for the Sahel, established in 1984, amounted to $2,296,336 and was earmarked for 169 projects in 9 African countries.

  The Populorum Progressio Foundation, which the Pope instituted in 1992, distributed aid last year totaling $1,881,000 to 19 Latin American nations to be used for 231 projects for indigenous peoples, Afro-Americans and poor mestizo farmers.

  "With regard to the two Foundations," states the Cor Unum report, "it is important to underscore how Pope John Paul II, in establishing them, wished to give a permanent witness of his love for the populations of the Sahel (region of Africa) and of Latin America, calling on all local Churches, the faithful and men and women of good will to support this precious service aimed at the integral promotion of those peoples."
CON-CU/PAPAL CHARITY 2004/...                VIS 20050419 (480)


VATICAN CITY, APR 19, 2005 (VIS) - Black smoke appeared from the chimney of the Sistine Chapel at 11:49 this morning to signal that the 115 cardinal electors had failed to select a new Pope in the two ballots cast today.

  Cardinals are expected to re-enter the Sistine Chapel this afternoon at 4 to vote again.
CC/CONCLAVE/...                            VIS 20050419 (70)

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