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Tuesday, May 10, 2005


VATICAN CITY, MAY 10, 2005 (VIS) - The Holy Father:

 - Accepted the resignation from the pastoral care of the diocese of Birmingham, U.S.A., presented by Bishop David E. Foley, upon having reached the age limit.

 - Appointed Fr. Carlos Enrique Herrera Gutierrez O.F.M., pastor of the parish of San Rafael del Norte, as bishop of Jinotega (area 11,630, population 354,015, Catholics 263,000, priests 23, religious 38), Nicaragua. The bishop-elect was born in Managua, Nicaragua, in 1948 and ordained to the priesthood in 1982. He succeeds Bishop Pedro Lisimaco de Jesus Vilchez Vilchez, whose resignation from the pastoral care of the same diocese the Holy Father accepted, upon having reached the age limit.

 - Appointed Msgr. Denis James Madden, adjunct secretary general of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association of New York, as auxiliary bishop of the archdiocese of Baltimore (area 12,430, population 3,006,607, Catholics 506,587, priests 574, permanent deacons 183, religious 1,426), U.S.A. The bishop-elect was born in Carbondale, U.S.A., in 1940 and ordained a priest in 1967.
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VATICAN CITY, MAY 10, 2005 (VIS) - A communique published today by the Office of Liturgical Celebrations of the Supreme Pontiff states that at 6.30 p.m. on Sunday, May 22, Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity, Cardinal Francis Arinze, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, will take possession of the suburbicarian Church of Velletri-Segni, in a ceremony to be held in the cathedral of Velletri.
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VATICAN CITY, MAY 10, 2005 (VIS) - Archbishop Celestino Migliore, Holy See permanent observer to the United Nations, spoke yesterday in New York before the  59th session of the General Assembly which, in Resolution 59/26, declared May 8 and 9 as official days of remembrance and reconciliation in commemoration of the sixtieth anniversary of the end of the Second World War.

  "There is no doubt," said the nuncio, "that it was a terrible conflict, and it is both salutary and sobering to recall that it was the worst of several unnecessary, man-made global catastrophes that made the twentieth century one of the most bitter that humanity has ever known." He added that "responsibility in view of these previous catastrophes requires us to develop some considerations."

  "First of all," Archbishop Migliore stated, "among the roots of the Second World War was the exaltation of State and race, and the proud self-sufficiency of humanity based upon the manipulation of science, technology and force. The rule of law was no longer a vehicle for the application of justice. ... Secondly, even if we accept that, under some circumstances, a limited and strictly conditioned use of force could be inevitable in order to fulfill the responsibility to protect every State and the international community," no effort should be spared in seeking peaceful solutions.
  "Recognition of the tragic and devastating nature of war ... presses us to question not only whether war can be legal and legitimate, but above all, whether it can be avoidable."

  "Thirdly," the archbishop continued, "the time has now come to focus on and develop a third dimension of the law of war," that is, "how to achieve quickly and effectively the establishment of a just and lasting peace, which is the only admissible goal for the use of force. Thus, the existing international legal instruments covering conduct and activities after war need to be reinforced and extended, ... while also taking into consideration the ethical parameters that the modern conscience and sensitivities have developed, such as reconciliation."
  "Fourthly," he said in closing, "recently, new emphasis has been placed upon the role of the U.N. as a peace builder. ... The Holy See ... once again expresses full support for the creation of an intergovernmental Peace-building Commission."
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